“O Believers! When preparing prayers, wash your face and hands up to the elbows, and wipe your heads, your feet up to your ankles, and [if] you do not have water, commit to clean the earth and wipe your face with your hands. ” (Holy Qur'an)
Tayammum is a Muslim act of dry bathing using sand or dust, which may be performed instead of a traditional bath if no clean water is readily available or if a person suffers from skin rashes caused by moisture stretching or aging. Moreover, there is another commandment.
Difficulty (ḥaraj) and great difficulty (Mashaqqah)
Water use is dangerous
Inability to get water
Lack of water
Darussalam Dry Ablutions - Tayammum Featuers:
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